It’s snowing, and the circle of friends of the ancients is like this.

  Yuan an lies in snow

  The Snow Lion Map (partial) Yu Ming

  "Painting Emperor Gaozong’s Imperial Pen after Jiawu Snow" Qing Dong Gao

  Fish Selling in Snow River (Partial) Li Dong in Southern Song Dynasty

  Every winter, we will see many different forms of snow, especially this year’s Winter Olympics, and various competitive competitions have opened up our "new world of ice and snow". As a modern person, the process of enjoying the snow is naturally to take photos, shoot videos and send friends, so what will the ancients with big brains do in snowy days? We might as well travel through the circle of friends into ancient paintings and books, and enjoy the snow that has fallen for thousands of years with the ancients.

  "Ice mound" and "snow melting" … … Not enough, properly pile up a zoo.

  As the mascots of the Winter Olympics, the ice pier and the snow rongrong burst into red overnight, becoming a veritable top stream of the Beijing Winter Olympics, especially the ice pier, which can be described as "one pier is hard to find" whether online or offline. Coincidentally, at this time, there was heavy snow in many cities in China, so netizens who couldn’t buy ice piers built ice piers with snow. Many netizens shouted "creative" in the comment area.

  In fact, it is not an innovation for modern people to use snow mounds and ice mounds. On the contrary, it is a trend of "retro", because in ancient snowy days, ancient people will also play this kind of game full of childlike interest. But instead of building a snowman, they are mainly animals, such as lions. According to "Dream of Tokyo", "In a rich family, if it meets snow, it will have a feast, make snow lions and install snow lanterns to celebrate the old days." Yes, you are right. The ancients played with snow in such a grandiose way. Simple snowmen don’t pile up. If you want to pile up, pile up a snow lion and come out of town.

  Not only rich people like to pile snow lions, but even the palace in the Song Dynasty is full of interest in snow lions. In the Southern Song Dynasty, Zhou Mi recorded in detail the basic process of enjoying snow lions in the palace at that time: "In the back garden, large and small snow lions were brought in, decorated with golden bells, and made snowflakes, snow lanterns, snow-capped mountains and the like." In the imperial palace of the Song Dynasty, snow lions, large and small, should not only be piled up, but also be adorned with jewelry, such as hanging golden bells around their necks and wearing colorful silk threads. In order to meet the occasion, in addition to snow lions, the ancients also piled snow mountains, snowflakes, snow lanterns and so on. Among them, the "snow lamp" is reminiscent of the "snow melting" of the Beijing Winter Olympics. It is a kind of lamp made of snow, which has the same effect as the image of a red lantern with snow hanging on it, and looks like it is moving and moving.

  But then again, why did the ancients love lions so much? Is the snow lion piled by the ancients the same species as the lion that we modern people see in the zoo?

  As early as the Han Dynasty, in order to establish diplomatic relations with the Great Han Dynasty, the interest country paid tribute to the lion and Fu Ba, and called them "Swiss beasts". Gradually, the image of the lion has also penetrated into the daily folk life of the ancients. The most typical one is that a large number of "stone lions" appeared in ancient times, because the ancients thought that stone lions were spiritual and could guard all directions. Yu Shinan, a scholar in the Tang Dynasty, wrote a poem "Ode to the Lion", in which he mentioned that the lion was a sacred animal. Later, Li Shizhen, a medical scientist, called the lion "the leader of many animals". It can be seen that the lion has always been a symbol of good luck, and it is also a manifestation of identity in the palace. As for the snow lions piled up by the ancients in snowy days, they are generally like stone lions: first, stone lions are more common, and the ancients don’t have to open too many brain holes; Second, the image of the stone lion is relatively stable, and it is not easy to collapse after stacking!

  After the Qing Dynasty, the ancients no longer focused on piling snow lions, but began to pile elephants and horses. In the Qing Dynasty, wu zhen Machinery recorded in Volume 14 of the Collection of Keeping Ji Zhai: "Every time it snows in winter, it piles up into lions and elephants in hall of mental cultivation’s court, and Chen Yong is often invited to sing. Ganlong Renshen, Yiyou, combined with snow lion and snow elephant. Jiaqing Wuyin, another pile of lying horses, is divided into east and west, and there are poems linked with the Imperial Palace Hanlin. " When the snow lion, the snow elephant and the snow horse are piled up, the emperor and the Hanlin scholar in the palace will also use this as the theme to recite poems and compose poems. In the Ci of Bianjing Palace written by Yan Jizhou during Guangxu period, there are poems describing the snow appreciation and entertainment in the palace, such as: "Ruixue is colorful in the sky, and lions are piled up in front of the stage."

  It can be seen that in snowy days, the ancients also loved mascots to the extreme.

  Snowy days are still inseparable from the word "eat and drink", even Bunny Bunny.

  It’s enjoyable to use the snowmobile mascot, but it’s a little cold after all, and when it’s cold, you will be hungry, so the ancients’ favorite thing after playing with snow is to have dinner. On a snowy day, the most classic is the a suggestion to my friend liu written by Bai Juyi in the Tang Dynasty: "there’s a gleam of green in an old bottle, there’s a stir of red in the quiet stove. There’s a feeling of snow in the dusk outside, what about a cup of wine inside?? " On a snowy evening, the newly brewed rice wine at home has not been filtered, and there is a layer of green bubbles on the wine surface, and the small stove made of red mud is ready, just waiting for a good friend to drink!

  Some people have an appointment for dinner, and naturally some people will come to eat rice. The ancients who paid attention to etiquette can’t come to eat rice empty-handed, right? Under normal circumstances, the ancients would bring some good wine or some snacks to eat, but Lin Hong’s cookbook "Shan Jia Qing Gong" in the Southern Song Dynasty recorded one thing, and the gift he brought to visit was really special: "When you visit Wuyishan Six Songs, you will get a rabbit in snowy days, and no one can control it. Shi Yun: Only a thin batch is used in the mountains, and the wine, sauce and pepper are abundant. Use the air furnace to cook Azakami, use less water than half a cup, and after the soup rings, use chopsticks for each, so that the soup can be cooked and cooked, so that it can be served with juice as appropriate. "

  Lin Hong visited his friends on a snowy day, but he actually caught a rabbit on the way, so this rabbit was the gift of his visit. But there was no cook in the mountains, so Lin Hong’s friend thought of a way. He said to Lin Hong, "Everything can go into hot pot! I’ll prepare some dip, and today we’ll rinse the rabbit hot pot! " Sure enough, in the eyes of foodies, rabbits are not pets, but food.

  In addition to washing meat, the ancients especially liked to eat fish in snowy days. In the Palace Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is a picture of a round fan, the former is called "Fish Selling in Snow River" and the latter is called "Fish Buying in Snow Bridge". In the snow landscape map, buying and selling live fish, which seems to be full of fireworks, brings interest to the picture. Although many scholars think it is used to reflect the ideal spiritual world of literati and fishermen, it also confirms the fact that the ancients like to eat live fish in snowy days. Not only the ancients in the Central Plains loved to eat live fish in snowy days, but also the nomadic people in the north. They would dig ice holes in the frozen rivers and lakes in winter to catch big fish. A kind of fish hook used by the Khitan people to hook fish was unearthed in Yemaotai Liao Tomb, Faku, Liaoning Province. It has a sharp hook tip, a long hook body and a wooden handle, which is an artifact used to "hook fish with ice".

  After eating meat and drinking wine, the ancients also drank some tea to scrape oil in snowy days. However, how can the ancients who have always had a big brain hole only cook tea so honestly? Yes, they’re up to something again. In the eyes of the ancients, normal mountain springs could no longer satisfy their pursuit of snow and elegance, so they targeted snow.

  In the Ming Dynasty, Gao Lian once said in "Sweeping Snow and brew tea Playing with Paintings": "Tea cooked with snow tastes clearer, and it is also a river for half a day. Free from dirt, it’s enough for you to sip it. " It seems that the ancients not only used snow brew tea in snowy days, but also took snow from plum blossoms, orchids and pines. It feels that as long as they drink this cup of snow-cooked tea, they can have the cleanliness of snow, the pride of plum blossoms, the elegance of orchids and the integrity of pines. This is clearly our modern popular "concept tea"!

  It is easy to get mad in snowy days. Zhang Dai collected wonderful jokes about snowy days.

  After playing with snow, eating rice and drinking tea, it is naturally necessary to "pretend". We modern people often get some gimmicks to make a circle of friends in the snowy days. Some people practice yoga in the snowy days, some people wear Hanfu to the Forbidden City, and some people lie in the snowy days and imitate idol films to take pictures … … The "artificial" in the snowy days of the ancients is naturally very special and can be called performance art.

  For example, in the Song Dynasty, there was a man named Wang Jiang who was wandering around Chen Zhou (now Huaiyang, Henan). Although he was a tramp, there were many fans at that time, and scholars like Su Dongpo and Su Zhe were his loyal fans. In addition to his bohemian love of freedom, this Wang Jiang has a special function, that is, in snowy days, he will bury himself with snow, and then melt it with a hot air. After the snow melted, Wang Jiang was fine and continued to wander while drinking. It is rumored that people who saw this scene at that time were greatly shocked.

  Perhaps this is not the most wonderful thing in a snowy day. In the snowy day, Zhang Dai, a scholar in the late Ming Dynasty, not only went to the pavilion in the middle of the lake to see the snow by himself, but also wrote a small composition. He also did a great thing, that is, in the first volume of the book "Sailing at Night", he opened a column called "Astronomy Department Snow Frost" to collect wonderful jokes about snowy days. Among them, we are familiar with "catkins due to the wind", "Xun Mei through the snow", "Reading in the snow" and "biting snow and swallowing blankets", which are quite normal. The rest of the jokes can only shock us modern people.

  For example, the joke "I want to go to the immortals" is said to be the yue people in Wang Mian. When it is snowy, they are not afraid of the cold and go barefoot to climb the furnace peak. After looking around, they shouted: "Heaven and earth are all made of white jade, which makes people feel clear and clear, so they want to go to the immortals!" Like Wang Mian, there is also a "fairy middleman" who likes to cultivate immortals. It is said in the article that Wang Gong of Jin once walked in the snow wearing a coat with crane hair. When Meng Xu saw it, he made a commercial compliment to him: "Oh! You are really a fairy! "

  There is also a road flyover named Tiejiao, who is neither afraid of cold nor diarrhea. On snowy days, he loves to walk barefoot in the snow. When he is happy, he will recite "South China Autumn Water" loudly, then pick some plum blossoms and put them in his mouth to chew. When he feels a little dry, he will get some snow to swallow together. In this regard, he explained: "I want to soak this cold fragrance into my heart!" In this way, I am as fragrant as plum blossoms and as clean as snow! "

  We don’t know whether these action art became immortals or not, but one action art got an offer on a snowy day. The name of this joke is very poetic, called "Lying Snow", and the protagonist is Yuan An, a famous minister in the Eastern Han Dynasty.

  It is said that it snowed heavily in Luoyang one year, and everyone else went out to beg for food, except for the snow in front of Yuan ‘an. When Luoyang made a door-to-door inspection, he thought that Yuan An had died of cold and hunger, so he asked people to sweep away the snow in front of his door and then go into the house to have a look. After entering the door, Luoyang Ling and his entourage found Yuan An lying upright as if he were not dead, so he asked Yuan An, "Why don’t you go out?" Yuan An replied, "In this snowy day, everyone is hungry. We shouldn’t disturb others. I’ll lie down for a while … …” As soon as this is said, the pattern is there: it is not easy for people to keep moral integrity when they are hungry and cold! Luoyang made Yuan An a virtuous man, so he named him filial piety.

  Since then, Yuan An’s story of sleeping in snow has actually become a Millennium super IP (intellectual property, which is extended to be a general term for famous cultural creation). Not only do poems like to use this story, but scholars also like to add this element to their snow landscape paintings. Perhaps Yuan An himself didn’t think that a heavy snow actually changed his life.

  After brushing the circle of friends of the ancients in the snowy days, I must give the ancients a compliment. They are really good at playing! However, for all kinds of "playing" of the ancients, we modern people should remain sober and rational, only taste the ancient meaning, and can’t blindly imitate it. After all, we don’t have super energy like the ice pier!

  Photo courtesy/Jinling Xiaodai

Ministry of Culture and Tourism: Adhere to tourism for the people, and tourism will drive to better meet people’s new expectations for a better life.

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On December 14th, the Press Office of the State Council held a series of press conferences on the theme of "Opening by Authorities" to introduce the situation of accelerating the construction of a strong cultural country and promoting the high-quality development of culture and tourism. Lu Yingchuan, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, said that tourism should serve the people and be driven by tourism to better meet people’s new expectations for a better life.

Editor: Liu Yanxia

Produced by Audio and Video Department of Xinhua News Agency

Ministry of Culture and Tourism: Innovating the supply of tourism products and creating tourism demand with new supply.

Ministry of Culture and Tourism: Continue to promote the integration of urban and rural public cultural service system.

"Hot"! The Vice Minister of Culture and Tourism described this year’s tourism market in two words.

The number of single women of school age in China has exceeded 100 million, and they have no "back road" after being killed.

Before reading this article, you are cordially invited to click "Follow" so that you can consult a series of high-quality articles at any time and discuss and share them. Thank you for your support ~

Marriage is the only way in life. Marriage can change a person’s life.

Can make a person’s life change dramatically.

In any country and culture, when an individual reaches marriageable age,You should leave family of origin, find your partner and start your own small family.

As the saying goes, men should marry when they are older, and women should marry when they are older, which is influenced by the traditional culture of China.

Marriage can be regarded as a top priority in one’s life.

For most young men and women of marriageable age,

Once the task of getting married and having children is not completed within a certain age, parents and relatives will urge them to get married.

If there is a large-scale phenomenon that men and women of marriageable age do not get married, it will gradually lead to social,

The imbalance between male and female population, the declining marriage rate, the declining birth rate and the aging population.

Take Japan, a developed country close to us, as an example, because there was a large-scale feminist movement,

The relationship between men and women in Japanese society has been greatly affected.

Nowadays, not only young women in Japan don’t want to get married, but men also reject marriage life.

For them, getting married is not as good as playing games at home.

Some people say that the Japanese government is facing a serious population problem, and the birth rate is declining.

The phenomenon of population aging is becoming more and more serious, and the ratio of male to female is seriously out of balance.

Many men began to commit selective crimes because they could not meet their inner sexual needs.

As a result, the crime rate in Japan has soared.

However, some women also have no enough ability to support their own life, and finally they can only choose the career of sex.

A similar phenomenon has appeared in our country now, and many women have begun to refuse to get married.

Men want to get married but can’t find a partner, and some of them are uncomfortable, because the huge economic pressure is also relatively exclusive to marriage.

With the gradual change of young people’s thoughts, their views on marriage have also changed dramatically.

If married life is bound to tie your hands and feet, it is better to live a single life freely.

Because of this, there are a large number of older unmarried young people in our society today.

According to the census data, since 2013, the marriage rate in China has been declining.

In 2014,Marriage in China is only9.9%By 2018, the marriage rate in China has dropped to7.2% 。

Nowadays, the number of unmarried young people of school age in China has reached 240 million, of which the number of unmarried women has exceeded 100 million.

People have long been familiar with the problem of single women in China, so what causes these problems?

Why is there such a state of imbalance in our congress?

The reasons leading to this phenomenon are complex and long-term, and Rome was not built in a day.

Influenced by economic globalization, the economies and cultures of various countries are deeply blended.

Many young people in our country have been influenced by western ideology and culture.

Westerners advocate liberalism and like to live freely.

Moreover, after the feminist movement, the per capita education level in China has gradually improved.

Women’s self-awareness began to grow, and they began to want to pursue their ideal life.

So they began to pursue their studies and careers, different from women in traditional society.

They can receive education equally, and they don’t need to be like women in the past.

Put all your time and energy into the family, become an accessory of men, and become a tool for giving birth to children.

At the same time, with the continuous development of society, people’s material living standards are getting higher and higher.

The cognitive level is constantly changing, and today’s women are more inclined to be themselves.

The continuous improvement of women’s social status also helps them to pursue the life they want.

The existence of this phenomenon has two sides, which not only represents the continuous progress of human society,

But it also makes many women fall into the trap of being "killed".

Influenced by traditional ideas, many people in today’s society still have the idea of favoring boys over girls.

Many imaginations in today’s society seem to be beneficial to women, but in fact they are killing women.

Nowadays, people’s material living standards have been greatly improved.

The improvement of women’s social status also leads them to live a princess-like life since childhood.

It is this kind of love that laid the groundwork for them to be "killed" in the future.

Many women can’t adapt themselves to all kinds of problems when they first enter the society.

In the face of all kinds of trivial matters, they always take care of themselves, not to mention taking care of their families and children.

This will cause many women to be immature when they reach marriageable age.

Because of this, many women now only meet their own needs, just be happy.

I can be my own queen.

Everyone has different attitudes towards life, and it is understandable that some women choose this lifestyle.

But most people can’t live alone without their families in the end.

Then maybe try to change your mind and find a suitable partner to make your life more substantial and rich.

The End –

Author | Tommy Da

Edit | Houhai

Reference: Jean Piaget Biography. (2020, January 29)

Awesome! Domestic products beauty cosmetics new strength

The rise of the national tide has brought fire to many domestic beauty brands, which are not only easy to use and cost-effective, but also novel and unique in product design. Cross-border cooperation with museums, cutting-edge artists and even China Aerospace has conveyed different oriental aesthetics and become a fashion leader in the wave of "the light of domestic products"! Let’s have a plate of these unique Chinese beauty products!


The packaging design of Tangduo is really a must, and this limited series has a super high value! In cooperation with Sunjiayi, a new generation of artist, inspired by diary, we launched beauty products such as eye shadow tray and lipstick pen.

Judydoll

The illustration on the package comes from the "JUDYGIRLS" that Sun Jiayi had in mind. They have varied personalities and styles, and have various hobbies and lifestyles.

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The color matching of the three eye shadow trays is very practical. One tray contains matte, pearlescent and glitter. Eye shadow powder is delicate and easy to smudge, and it is mainly in low saturation colors, so it is not easy to get dirty on the face, and novices can easily control it.

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Lipstick pen contains two textures of matte, soft fog and moist water, which strongly pushes 02# peach-stained sweet tea. It is a peach pink with high brightness, showing white color and improving color, which is super suitable for summer. And the price is also conscience, beautiful girls can boldly try the water.

Polaiya is also an old-fashioned domestic product, and the newly launched ruby essence and double anti-essence in the past two years have a good reputation. Recently, they also jointly signed with China Aerospace to launch "Double Anti-Essence China Aerospace Collection" and "Feather Sun Protection China Aerospace Custom-made".

PROYA

The essence of the joint-name double-resistance should be strongly Amway for everyone, which is too beautiful! Transparent acrylic is designed into the outline of rocket shape, which is very scientific and technological.

The essence is also very easy to use, the texture is light and moist, and the skin feels great. Adding astaxanthin and other antioxidant components, it has antioxidant and anti-sugar effects, and can improve skin color in many dimensions. After use, the skin will become more elastic, tender and delicate.

Feather sunscreen is also worth trying, the texture is moist and clear, the film forming speed is fast, and the upper face is not greasy or heavy. It also contains many powerful ingredients, including super antioxidant ingredients "Pycnogenol" and "Pycnogenol"astaxanthin",while preventing ultraviolet rays, it can also strongly protect the skin from blue light damage. There are also pure nicotinamide and soothing ingredients to help repel melanin and soothe skin.

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The new embossed lipstick of A Dream of Red Mansions from Nature Hall is really beautiful! The three lipsticks reproduce three scenes: reading the West Chamber together, seeing Baodai first, and the three wonders of the topic. The carving on the paste is very fine, and it is definitely a masterpiece of heavy industry. I can’t bear to use it when I get it!

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Lipstick is rich in texture, smooth and easy to apply, and will not dry out. Three customized lipsticks, all in red, are very suitable for Asian skin color, showing white temperament and not stepping on thunder when you close your eyes.

The newly released Red-crowned Crane Plate of Perfect Diary highlights the color of Ruihe, showing the beauty of China and appealing to the public to protect endangered wild animals. It must be praised manually.
This eye shadow tray is also inspired by the red-crowned crane and its habitat. It belongs to a low-saturation and practical pink-brown system. With baking powder texture and two-color mosaic mixed powder, it can create a variety of makeup effects.

With the rise of the national tide, Dunhuang has also become the "online celebrity". Among many joint products, several kazilan are the most out of the circle. The rich Dunhuang elements collide with modern tidal makeup, and the strength is displayed with color tension to interpret the new fashion of Dunhuang makeup.
Pushing the Linglu embossed high-gloss powder plate strongly, the carving is beautiful and the value is super high. High-CD is soft and glutinous mashed potatoes, with fine pearlescent particles, no pores and no wrinkles, and a natural makeup feeling.

Inspired by Guangxu’s wedding picture, this series adopts red and gold color scheme, which combines Chinese aesthetics with modern beauty, showing the gorgeous artistic conception with oriental characteristics.

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I have to say that this series came out in the third season, which is really the peak of refreshing the face value, especially this pearlescent phoenix feather powder cake. The exquisite printing is hard to use, and one plate is multi-purpose. The bottom can be used as a matte powder cake, and the pearlescent decorative layer can be used as a highlight.
Domestic beauty cosmetics with profound aesthetic connotation have become the focus of world attention by virtue of their strength. They are worth it!
Image source: brand official

Iverson: O ‘Neill is the only reason why I didn’t win the championship.

Iverson: O ‘Neill is the only reason why I didn’t win the championship.

Recently, NBA legend shaquille O ‘Neill said in an interview that Allen Iverson is one of the top ten players in NBA history. This remark has caused extensive discussion and controversy. Iverson also posted photos of O ‘Neill on social media, and responded: "He is the only reason why I didn’t win the championship. # The greatest insider in history. " O’ Neill replied to Iverson: "You don’t need a championship, you are still one of the greatest players in history, and you are undoubtedly a Hall of Fame player."

As one of the most representative players in NBA history, shaquille O ‘Neill’s remarks undoubtedly aroused people’s attention and discussion. In his eyes, Allen Iverson is not only the top ten players in NBA history, but also one of the greatest players. This evaluation is undoubtedly a great honor for Iverson.

However, this evaluation has also caused some controversy. Some people think that although Iverson is a very good player, it seems too high to rank him in the top ten in NBA history. They believe that although Iverson’s career is full of personality and passion, there is still a certain gap between him and some other historical superstars in terms of personal achievements and team honor.

On the other hand, O ‘Neill’s reply also aroused people’s thinking. He said that Iverson can become one of the greatest players in history without a championship. This view is actually somewhat controversial. Although the champion is one of the important standards to measure a player’s career achievements, it is not the only standard. A player’s skill, dominance and influence on the game are also important factors to evaluate his historical position.

Generally speaking, the dialogue between shaquille O ‘Neill and Allen Iverson has aroused people’s discussion and reflection on the historical position of NBA. Every fan has his own standards and opinions, but the final evaluation needs to be based on a comprehensive historical background and objective data analysis.