Don’t let the "edge anchor" poison the teenagers

  "Net" Comics/Li Xiaojun

  ● Scratching behavior refers to the vulgar behavior of attracting attention by revealing clothes and teasing behaviors on platforms such as live short videos. The anchors use these behaviors to attract traffic in a soft pornographic way, thus gaining commercial benefits. This kind of behavior not only violates public order and good customs, but also is suspected of vulgar and soft pornography marketing.

  ● Some live broadcast platforms have explicitly prohibited and warned the edge-scraping behavior. However, due to the different judgment methods and audit modes of each platform, the handling methods of the edge-scraping anchor are not the same, which leads to the joint efforts to rectify the edge-scraping behavior.

  ● Further improve Internet norms and laws, at the same time, compact platform responsibilities, strengthen training and education for network anchors, and strengthen guidance for netizens, in order to form a joint effort of all parties to jointly purify cyberspace.

  □ Our reporter Han Dandong

  □ Intern Guan Chuyu of this newspaper

  "Thank you for your order, so I’ll dance a favorite dance of my eldest brother now!" In the car-selling live room of a short video platform, a female anchor was wearing a short black silk skirt and twisted with music. In the video of shooting a car, the sexy female anchor kept coquetry for the camera, and when she put the car in gear, the camera focused on her thigh wearing black stockings … …

  "Selling cars also began to scratch? Can’t it be normal? " Some netizens said in the comment area.

  Scratching, a network term, refers to the vulgar behavior of attracting attention by revealing clothes and teasing behaviors on platforms such as live short videos. In an interview recently, the reporter of "Rule of Law Daily" found that the act of rubbing edges emerged in an endless stream on the Internet. Some anchors not only attract people’s attention by sending some scratch content, but also specially label it as "scratch" in order to increase the video playback.

  Experts interviewed by the reporter believe that the act of scraping not only violates public order and good customs, but also is suspected of vulgar and soft pornography marketing, polluting the network environment and poisoning young people. It is suggested to further improve Internet norms and laws, and at the same time, tighten the responsibility of the platform, strengthen training and education for network anchors, and strengthen guidance for netizens, with a view to forming a joint effort of all parties to jointly purify cyberspace.

  From edge-wiping woman to edge-wiping man

  Wipe drainage is disgusting.

  Not only live broadcast with goods, but also the popular live broadcast PK (a new interactive way of live broadcast, which means that two anchors carry out "even wheat" PK with each other to compare the winners and losers with the amount of rewards) is also mixed with a lot of edge-scraping behavior.

  Yang Yang (pseudonym) of Jinan, Shandong Province is an anchor. In the process of PK with some female anchors, he often sees similar scenes: in order to win PK, the female anchor writes down the name of his eldest brother on his chest and thigh to attract more rewards. This obvious teasing behavior is hard to look straight at.

  In live interaction, wiping behavior is more common. The reporter browsed several live broadcast rooms and saw that some female anchors were sitting in front of the camera in dark V tops. The text in the live broadcast room said "beer bombs, flowers and sunglasses turn". It turned out that as long as fans gave a gift, such as "beer", the anchor would pull up the shoulder strap of the bra once … … There is also a live broadcast room with music that makes people blush, which is called "immersive experience" by the anchor.

  On the internet, netizens call the female anchor who has the behavior of wiping the edge "wiping the edge". However, the reporter noticed that some male anchors and male bloggers have recently joined the ranks of edging, using edging as a "password" to attract traffic.

  Not long ago, the painting style of a beverage company’s live broadcast room changed suddenly, from the original sexy and plump female anchor to the male anchor wearing tight vests and shorts. These male anchors danced, showed their muscles and Poss for the camera in the current online popular songs. This move was called by netizens as "changing the soup without changing the medicine, or rubbing the set."

  The reporter noticed that these male anchors and male bloggers changed into gray sweatpants or tights, either showing their abdominal muscles or dancing on their hips. Gradually, wearing gray pants was labeled as "wiping man". On a short video platform, "Grey Pants" was played as many as 16.249 million times.

  Many bloggers also use "Bian Bian" as their user name or copy, in order to attract more attention and enthusiasm. In these comment areas that scratch the content, there are many sexually suggestive messages.

  It is even more unacceptable, and even many netizens call it spicy eyes — — Some male anchors wear sexy lace underwear for live broadcast. In the live broadcast, the male anchor not only stood in front of the camera to show off his underwear, but also made shy, caring, circling in place and posing for the camera.

  "This situation is really embarrassing." Some netizens commented under the video, "It is obvious that girls wear clothes, but boys are allowed to show them, so I don’t know who to buy them for."

  "This completely subverts the definition of male in my cognition." Ms. Wang, a parent from Jiangsu, said with anxiety that once she saw her son in elementary school brush such a short video, she immediately stepped forward to stop it. She hoped that her children would see a male anchor who was healthy, sunny and spread positive energy from the Internet, and she did not want her children to be misled by these marginal videos.

  Zhang Wei (pseudonym) from Beijing has installed more than 10 social apps on his mobile phone. During his daily use, he often brushes aside videos and photos. "Why do you push this content to me every day?" Zhang Wei said that some people may like to brush aside, but I believe more people are definitely disgusted, especially now that minors are surfing the Internet more and more. I hope the relevant departments will take action to purify the network environment.

  Scratching video has a poor look and feel.

  The traffic revenue is significant.

  On social platforms, there are a large number of works that get popularity by tagging. The reporter searched for the "scratch" tag on a short video platform and found that its broadcast volume was as high as 6.02 billion times.

  Scratching has brought huge heat and traffic benefits to these videos. In the hot works labeled "edge", the reporter found that not all videos are based on vulgar edge. However, compared with similar videos, the traffic of works with the label of "edge" is obviously higher than that of videos without the label of "edge".

  Li Wei (pseudonym) from Yantai, Shandong Province is a loyal user of short video platform. When she released the video, she found that the traffic of the video was always limited, but if she put the "edge" label on it, the number of views would obviously come up.

  A male dance blogger who hasn’t been in a platform for a long time wears women’s clothes and dances Korean spicy dance in the video. This obvious contrast behavior has brought him a lot of traffic income, and the maximum number of single videos can reach 691,000 times.

  Under these videos, there are not only comments praising bloggers, but also a lot of critical and sarcastic unfriendly comments. Some netizens said: "Dancing is dancing. Why are you dressed like this?"

  There are also comments bluntly: the proliferation of edge-rubbing men may lead to the audience’s sexual doubts and self-cognitive differences, which will distort their spirit and world outlook, thus causing serious consequences. For minors, they are more vulnerable to this kind of behavior.

  "The act of wiping is a means to attract attention and attract traffic, so as to satisfy the curiosity of the audience." Zhu Wei, deputy director of the Communication Law Research Center of China University of Political Science and Law, believes that wiping is not only a matter of content communication, but also a matter of values. If governance is not carried out in time, there will be many people competing to imitate.

  "After wiping the woman, the short video of wiping the man is also hot on the network platform. The anchors use these rubbing behaviors to attract traffic in a soft pornographic way, thus gaining commercial benefits. " Ma Lihong, a lawyer of Beijing Deheheng Law Firm, said that the reason for the increasing number of edge-rubbing men is to meet the demand of some women to consume male sex, which is essentially the same as the entertainment circle to create a flow of male stars to attract female fans and then reap the economic dividends of fans.

  According to the statistical bulletin of national economic and social development in 2022 released by the National Bureau of Statistics, the number of Internet users in China is 1.067 billion, and the Internet penetration rate is 75.6%. "If we adopt an overly tolerant attitude towards the act of rubbing, it will lead to more and more cross-border behaviors, and may even encourage more people to join the ranks of rubbing, which is not conducive to establishing good social customs and maintaining a healthy and clear network environment." Ma Lihong said.

  She believes that the appearance of this kind of edge-scraping behavior reflects that in the era of short video on the Internet, fast-food sales and traffic are still the "password to get rich" in the eyes of some people, which leads short video participants to excessively pursue quick realization and short-term benefits, attracting attention with "new", "strange" and "special" ways, even at the edge of the law.

  Urgent need to compact platform responsibility

  Effectively control the act of rubbing.

  In recent years, relevant departments have frequently taken measures to rectify soft pornographic information on various online platforms. In February 2021, the "Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Standardized Management of Webcast" jointly issued by the National Network Information Office and other seven departments clearly stipulated that illegal and bad information such as vulgarity, feudal superstition and "scratching the ball" should be thoroughly cleaned up.

  "At present, although there is no clear definition of wiping behavior in law, many relevant regulations have restricted wiping behavior." Zhu Wei said, for example, the "Regulations on Ecological Governance of Network Information Content" stipulates that producers of network information content shall not produce, copy or publish illegal information containing the following contents, including spreading obscenity, pornography, gambling, violence, murder, terror or abetting crimes. Producers of network information content should take measures to prevent and resist the production, reproduction and publication of bad information containing the following contents: including promoting vulgar, vulgar and kitsch content; It may cause minors to imitate unsafe behaviors and violate social morality, and induce minors’ bad hobbies.

  In June, 2022, the Code of Conduct for Internet Anchors, jointly issued by the State Administration of Radio and Television and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, stipulated that Internet anchors should not have the following behaviors in the process of providing online performances and audio-visual program services: including dress makeup, language behavior, live room scenery and other sexually suggestive and provocative content; Acts prohibited by laws and regulations and other acts that have adverse effects on online performances and online audio-visual ecology.

  Ma Lihong believes that it is impossible to include all the phenomena through legislation because of the high generality of writing and the lag of legislation, but such behaviors can be measured by combining relevant legislative principles, such as the principle of "public order and good customs" established by the Civil Code. The advertising law also clearly stipulates that advertisements shall not interfere with social public management norms or violate good social customs. Where advertisements are published that violate public order and good customs, the market supervision department shall order them to stop publishing advertisements, and impose penalties such as fines and revocation of business licenses.

  "The relevant departments can play a declaratory role through the handling of individual cases, such as administrative punishment or judicial trial of certain kinds of edge-scraping behaviors that violate the law, and visualize legal principles through precedents, so that the public can have a more intuitive understanding of edge-scraping behaviors through the form of cases." Ma Lihong said.

  The reporter noticed that some live broadcast platforms have also made explicit prohibitions and warning instructions on the edge-wiping behavior. However, due to the different judgment methods and audit modes of each platform, the handling methods of the edge-wiping anchor are not the same, resulting in the joint efforts to rectify the edge-wiping behavior.

  "Generally speaking, the dissemination of network information has to go through a number of checkpoints, such as the publisher’s self-examination and the review of the published network platform. However, this kind of edge-cutting behavior is still popular, indicating that there are loopholes in these checkpoints. It is not obscene not to describe sexual behavior. This kind of pornographic information is walking along this side. " A legal expert who asked not to be named believes that the pornographic "edge ball" is as harmful as the identified obscene content.

  Ma Lihong believes that some recent skirting behaviors on short video platforms not only violate public order and good customs, but also are suspected of vulgar and soft pornographic marketing. The Internet is not an illegal place, and the activities of network users on social platforms should not only follow the autonomy rules of social platforms, but also conform to the public order and good customs of society.

  She suggested that the operators and managers of registered accounts on online social platforms should operate and manage their registered accounts in a legal, civilized and standardized manner, attract the attention and interactive sharing of the audience with high-quality information content, and maintain the good social image of their accounts and themselves, and should not take the way of "scratching the ball" to attract network traffic and gain attention. Operators of online social platforms shoulder the responsibility of carefully examining and judging the information content uploaded by platform users, and should take appropriate management and disposal measures for information content that violates laws and regulations and social public order and good customs.

  "In terms of supervision, in addition to further improving Internet norms and laws, it is also necessary to compact the platform responsibility, strengthen training and education for network anchors, and strengthen guidance for netizens, in order to form a joint effort of all parties to jointly purify cyberspace." Ma Lihong said.

Compact family car three cars compete for hegemony, and the new Qin EV rides the dust!

Under the epidemic situation, health and safety have become the top priority of all needs, and based on the consideration of travel safety, people are increasingly inclined to travel by car. Not long ago, the lottery results of the new passenger car were announced. For the lucky ones who just got the index, how to choose a reliable car is very important.

As the main model in the market, the epidemic prevention and sterilization capabilities of brand new, BEIJING EU5 and brand new have reached the professional level, and brand new has become the leader in the compact pure electric family car market with its strong and numerous fan base. So if you want to choose a safer, stronger and more practical one among these three cars, who will be the better option?

Who is the strongest in protecting health and professional sterilization and antivirus?

To be healthier and safer, we must first have stronger sterilization and antivirus ability. The newly equipped three-layer high-efficiency composite filter screen can filter dust, harmful gases, PM2.5 particles with a diameter of > 0.3 μ m up to more than 90%. Its filter screen consists of non-woven fabrics and chemical fibers, and is made by melt-blowing process, which can better filter droplets and particles with diameters greater than 0.3 μ m that germs often attach to, thus effectively blocking germs from entering the car. In addition,BYD’s self-developed high-efficiency filter has obtained the first batch of "CN95" certification of the highest level of automotive air-conditioning filter filtration, and will be fully equipped with this system for more old models in the future to further improve health and safety performance.

At present, the filtration system carried by EU5 has been upgraded on the basis of filtering pollen and PM2.5; On the other hand, a UVC deep ultraviolet optical anti-virus system was installed for Ei5, but there are still concerns that "ultraviolet anti-virus will have adverse effects on human body" in the market at present. It is not difficult to see that the new health care is more professional and leading.

Guarding safety, the brand-new Qin EV power battery has a 16-year accident.

If health is a higher demand of consumers, then the demand for vehicle reliability is the basic demand of all consumers. In the world, this basic requirement includes the reliability of endurance, the reliability of battery, and the reliability of the overall performance of the vehicle, etc. If the technical performance of any aspect is not strong enough, there is no way to talk about safety, and no one can trust a brand of new energy vehicles with frequent vehicle spontaneous combustion. 

From the comparison of the above figure, the brand-new battery has higher energy density and can store more electricity per unit volume, so its comprehensive endurance is stronger, and at the same time it can have more room for lightweight.

While continuously improving the energy density, a 7-dimensional and 4-layer safety matrix has been built for brand-new power batteries, which "comprehensively tests the safety of single batteries, modules, battery packs and systems from the aspects of reliable connection, high-voltage protection, collision, overcharge, internal and external short circuit and thermal runaway; The high-voltage system has undergone five tests: leakage detection, power-off protection, misoperation protection, active discharge and passive discharge, and the whole vehicle has undergone extreme cold and heat tests, which fully guarantees the safety of the battery. "

If these terms seem hard to you, then the accident in 16 years will definitely make you easily realize the reliability of the battery.The accident in 16 years first benefited from BYD’s technical advantages in battery safety design.In order to avoid the thermal runaway of the battery caused by the short circuit in the battery caused by the contraction of the diaphragm at high temperature, a ceramic diaphragm with more high temperature resistance was developed. In order to cope with high and low temperature environment, prevent overcharging, improve fast charging safety and flame retardant, etc., many special additives are added to the electrolyte solution of the battery cell on the basis of the original solute and solvent to ensure the stability under various complex conditions; In addition, in order to protect the safety of the battery cell, a mechanical device, including a CID device and an explosion-proof valve, is arranged on the shell of the single battery cell to prevent overcharging. These technical advantages are integrated into the battery intelligent temperature control management system, which is not only smarter, but also greatly improves the consistency and stability of products.The new Qin EV is equipped with BYD’s third-generation battery intelligent temperature control management system, which can make the battery in the most efficient working range at various ambient temperatures, greatly improving the battery life cycle performance, life span and safety.

Secondly, the accident in 16 years can be achieved thanks to all the self-research and self-production of the three power systems. Compared with peers, it has higher integration, more advanced consistency and integrity, and a stronger degree of systematization.BYD’s brand-new Qin EV efficiently integrates the motor, electronic control and transmission, which reduces the volume by 30% and the weight by 25%, while increasing the power density by 20%.

EU5 and Ei5 are made in Contemporary Amperex Technology Co., Limited, and although they have passed the battery safety test, the integration is not enough, and the consistency and integrity of products are different, so the stability performance in practical use is relatively average. For example, the dry-wet separation thermal management technology of batteries carried by EU5 is said to be effective in preventing combustion and explosion, but an EU5 exploded in Zhenjiang last September. At the same time, there are also car owners who feedback Ei5 battery failure on the car quality network.

In addition, the brand new has a stronger fan base. As of now,Qin series models have accumulated more than 200,000 fans, and have made remarkable achievements in sales volume, quality and word of mouth.,At this point, the brand-new performance is more ahead of. As a model, last year, some car owners reported on the Internet that it had a nominal battery life of 410 kilometers and actually traveled at full power for 210-220 kilometers. Therefore, in terms of endurance authenticity, brand-new is more reliable.

From the above comparison, we can see that a truly safe new energy vehicle is armed from the inside out to the "teeth", and the basis of this "armed" is the comprehensive technical strength, and the brand-new safety is based on this. It is this technical strength that has been recognized by more peers. It is said that the new factory invested 8.5 billion yuan will be used to produce and cooperate with products under the e platform.

Summary:

Changes in consumer demand after the epidemic will require higher safety, health and intelligence. Choosing a healthier and safer car will become one of the core needs of consumers around the world. At the same time, a truly leading new energy vehicle is that it understands the needs of consumers enough, and the leading comprehensive strength and proper configuration are the real masters. In the field of new energy compact family car, brand-new has really set a benchmark!

Top ten keywords of the property market in 2022: from "four restrictions are loosened" to "one person buying a house to help the whole family"

  2022 is a year of deep adjustment in the real estate market. In the context of the impact of the epidemic and the expected decline in residents’ income, some housing demand was delayed; At the same time, the credit crisis of housing enterprises broke out frequently, the wait-and-see mood of buyers became stronger, and the performance of sales side was weak. However, from the beginning of 2022, favorable policies to support real estate in various places were introduced in turn, and gradual easing continued to be staged. At the central level, it reaffirmed the status of "real estate is a pillar industry of the national economy" and issued a number of policy tools to support the smooth operation of the real estate market.

  The Paper reviewed the property market in 2022 by taking stock of the top ten keywords of the real estate industry in the past year.

  Reduce down payment

  In 2022, credit policies will be optimized in many places, and the purchase cost and purchase threshold of buyers will be further reduced.

  According to the incomplete statistics of The Paper, more than 100 cities have reduced the down payment ratio of provident fund or commercial personal housing loans to 20% this year, including Chengdu, Sichuan, Shijiazhuang, Shaanxi, Xi ‘an, Taiyuan, Jilin, Changchun, Fuzhou, Fujian, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Chongqing, Guiyang, Guizhou, Lanzhou, Gansu, Yinchuan, Ningxia, Urumqi, Xinjiang, Wuhan, Hubei and other second-tier cities.

  From the perspective of down payment ratio, institutional statistics show that since 2022, the down payment ratio of the first suite in the unrestricted area has generally dropped to 20%, and the second set has dropped to 30%; The down payment ratio of the first suite in the restricted purchase area is mostly 30%.

  On January 5, 2023, Ni Hong, Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, mentioned in an exclusive interview with CCTV reporters at the General Station that the buyers of the first house should be strongly supported. The down payment ratio and the first set of interest rates should be lowered. For the purchase of a second house, we should give reasonable support. Trade-in the old for the new, trade-in the small for the big, and give policy support to families with many children.

  The industry believes that it is expected that in 2023, under the tone of "housing and not speculating", both the supply and demand sides will continue to optimize their policies, and the policy intensity is expected to be further strengthened. The core first-and second-tier cities, especially the core second-tier cities, have greater room for policy optimization. The expectation of policy optimization in first-tier cities is also increasing, and there is room for reducing mortgage interest rate, down payment ratio and taxes.

  Lower interest rate

  In 2022, the central bank cut interest rates three times, and the LPR over five years was lowered by a total of 35 basis points, which was the strongest year to cut interest rates after the mortgage interest rate changed anchor LPR in 2019.

  At the same time, the central bank and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission repeatedly lowered the lower limit of mortgage interest rate. In 2022, in May, the central bank and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission made it clear that the lower limit of the interest rate of the first set of commercial personal housing loans was adjusted to not less than the quoted interest rate of the corresponding term loan market minus 20 basis points; At the end of September, the central bank and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission successively released heavy benefits, and gradually relaxed the lower limit of the interest rate of the first commercial personal housing loan for some cities.

  According to the monitoring data of the Central Finger Research Institute, as of December 30 last year, nearly 30 cities have reduced the interest rate of the first home loan to below 4%, including Yangjiang, Qingyuan, Yunfu, Zhanjiang, Jining, Wuhan, Guiyang, Jiangmen, Yichang, Xiangyang, Tianjin, Baotou, Fuyang, Shijiazhuang, Qinhuangdao, Kunming, Dalian, Dali, Luzhou, Anqing, Enshi, Wenzhou and Wenzhou.

  The loan interest rates in some cities have fallen to historical lows. Shijiazhuang and Wenzhou in second-tier cities currently have the lowest interest rates of the first set of commercial loans of 3.8%, while Qingyuan and Zhuzhou in third-and fourth-tier cities have the lowest interest rates of 3.7%.

  At the same time, the central bank lowered the interest rate of the first personal housing provident fund loan by 15 basis points after seven years. Since October 1, 2022, the interest rate of the first home provident fund loan for more than five years has dropped to 3.1%.

  On January 5, 2023, the People’s Bank of China and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission issued a notice to establish the first dynamic adjustment mechanism of housing loan interest rate policy. In cities where the sales price of newly-built commercial housing has decreased month-on-month and year-on-year for three consecutive months, the lower limit of the local first home loan interest rate policy can be maintained, lowered or cancelled in stages.

  "four limits" are loosened

  The optimization policy of loosening the "four limits" of purchase restriction, loan restriction, price restriction and sales restriction has become the first choice for the regulation of the property market in various places.

  According to the statistics of the Central Finger Research Institute, as of December 26th, 2022, more than 330 provinces, cities and counties in China have issued more than 1,000 housing market easing policies, which involve optimizing purchase restriction (111 in 48 cities), optimizing loan restriction (240 in 173 cities), optimizing sales restriction (41 in 33 cities) and adjusting price restriction (34 in 29 cities).

  In March 2022, Zhengzhou started the first shot of adjusting the policy of restricting purchases and loans. Zhengzhou issued the "Notice on Promoting the Benign Cycle and Healthy Development of the Real Estate Industry", which clearly relaxed the purchase restriction and cancelled the "recognition of housing and loan". Subsequently, many cities across the country successively introduced the "four limits" to loosen the property market policy.

  By the third quarter of 2022, many second-tier hotspot cities will follow up and optimize the purchase restriction policy. According to the statistics of The Paper, the optimization policies of core second-tier cities including Qingdao, Jinan, Suzhou, Tianjin, Chengdu, Xi ‘an, Nanjing, Xiamen, Foshan, Dongguan and Wuhan have been introduced one after another.

  Buy a house by group purchase

  "Buying a house by group purchase" has also become an important content in the toolbox of local property market regulation policies in 2022, and many cities have issued documents to encourage group purchase of commercial housing.

  According to incomplete statistics of The Paper, in the second half of 2022 alone, There are at least Taiyuan in Shanxi, Zhongshan in Guangdong, Shenyang in Liaoning, Tonglu in Zhejiang, Tongling in Anhui, Pu ‘er in Yunnan, Bazhong in Sichuan, Huanggang in Hubei, Changchun in Jilin, Suining in Sichuan, Lianyungang in Jiangsu, Haining in Zhejiang, Macheng in Hubei, Meishan in Sichuan, Hangzhou in Zhejiang, Baise in Guangxi, Zhuji in Zhejiang, Xinghua in Jiangsu, Qingyang in Gansu, Wuzhou in Guangxi, Shaoxing in Zhejiang, Nanning in Guangxi, Zhengzhou in Henan, Laian in Anhui, and Nanning in Hubei. Zunyi, Guizhou, Yiwu, Zhejiang, Quzhou, Hubei, Enshi, Qingdao, Guangxi, Heshan, Linyi, Shandong and other places issued policies or activities related to "buying houses and buying groups".

  Among the cities that issue "buying houses by group purchase", some cities explicitly encourage government agencies, state-owned enterprises and institutions and other groups to buy houses. At the same time, encouraging real estate enterprises to carry out group purchase concessions is also a major feature of local policies.

  ensure timely deliveries of presold homes

  In June, 2022, driven by increasing policy support and active marketing of real estate enterprises, the market showed signs of stabilization. However, in July, the phenomenon of collective "off supply" of buyers caused by the suspension of auction houses appeared in many places, and market confidence was frustrated again, and sales were sluggish.

  At the end of July, 2022, "Guaranteeing the delivery of buildings and stabilizing people’s livelihood" was first written into the Politburo meeting of the Chinese Communist Party document. No matter the central level, local governments or real estate enterprises, they are actively making efforts to carry out the work related to "guaranteeing the delivery of buildings". According to the monitoring of the Central Finger, over 70 provinces and cities, in combination with local actual conditions, have substantially promoted the implementation of the "Guaranteed Building" initiative.

  In August last year, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, together with the Ministry of Finance, the People’s Bank of China and other relevant departments, issued special measures to support cities in need to promote the construction and delivery of residential projects that have been sold and are difficult to deliver. At the end of August, media reports showed that the national relief fund earmarked for "Baojiaolou" was launched. The initial scale of this special loan reached 200 billion yuan, and the central bank instructed China Development Bank and China Agricultural Development Bank to arrange it in the existing loan quota.

  In October last year, the central bank explicitly promoted the use of special loans for "Baojiaolou".

  In November last year, the Central Bank and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission jointly issued the Notice on Doing a Good Job in Financial Support for the Stable and Healthy Development of the Real Estate Market, which supported the China Development Bank and the Agricultural Development Bank to issue the special loan of "Guaranteed Property" to the borrowers who have been reviewed and filed in compliance with the law, in an efficient and orderly manner, with closed operation and special funds earmarked to support the accelerated construction and delivery of the sold overdue residential projects.

  At the same time, Pan Gongsheng, member of the Party Committee and Vice President of the People’s Bank of China, introduced at the national symposium on credit work of commercial banks, "The ‘ Baojiaolou ’ On the basis of special loans, the People’s Bank of China will launch 200 billion yuan ‘ Baojiaolou ’ The loan support plan provides commercial banks with zero-cost funds to encourage their support ‘ Baojiaolou ’ Work. "

  In December last year, the Central Economic Work Conference proposed "to ensure the stable development of the real estate market" and "to do a solid job in ensuring the delivery of buildings, people’s livelihood and stability".

  Liquidation order

  From the perspective of housing enterprises, affected by the debt default, in 2022, a number of housing enterprises issued announcements of receiving creditors’ liquidation petitions.

  According to incomplete statistics of The Paper, in 2022, creditors filed liquidation petitions including Sunshine City, Fantasia Holdings, Fusheng International, China Evergrande, Dafa Real Estate, Tianyu Real Estate, Oceanwide Holdings, Sunac China, Jiayuan International, Xinli Holdings Group, Xiangsheng Holdings Group, Territorial Holdings, Longguang Group, Sanyun Group, Zhongliang Holdings and Xuhui Holdings Group.

  However, a number of housing enterprises reached a settlement with creditors, or after the final ruling of the court, the final liquidation petition was withdrawn or the two sides entered into a grace agreement.

  The so-called liquidation petition refers to the listed company’s excessive debts and operational difficulties for various reasons. Creditors or the company itself can submit a liquidation petition to the court, which will hear the liquidation petition. If the petition is passed, the court will issue a compulsory liquidation order to order the company to liquidate.

  Debt extension

  According to the monitoring data of the Central Finger Research Institute, as of December 31, 2022, the scale of real estate debt extension has reached 2087.3 yuan, involving 42 related real estate enterprises. In addition, many enterprises plan to launch debt restructuring plans.

  According to the statistics of The Paper, up to now, three housing enterprises have successfully extended their domestic debts. Among them, Longguang, together with its subsidiaries, proposed the extension of 21 open market bonds, all of which were voted by the holders’ meeting; Sunac Real Estate Group Co., Ltd.’ s overall extension plan of domestic bonds totaling 16 billion yuan was voted by the bondholders’ meeting; In addition, R&F Property’s domestic and overseas bonds totaling about 46.7 billion yuan were all successfully extended.

  According to the monitoring data of the Central Finger Research Institute, the debt repayment pressure of housing enterprises in 2023 is still relatively high. In 2023, the total amount of credit bonds and overseas debts due by real estate enterprises was 957.96 billion yuan, 70 billion yuan more than the previous year, and the scale of debt repayment by real estate enterprises increased. In particular, in the first quarter of 2023, in January and March, the scale of debt repayment of housing enterprises exceeded 100 billion yuan, and it also exceeded 100 billion yuan in April and July. In recent months, the pressure on debt repayment of housing enterprises was relatively high. At the same time, housing enterprises may still have the risk of debt default. Housing enterprises are under great pressure to repay debts, real estate sales have not stabilized and rebounded significantly, and some housing enterprises have limited financing support, so individual housing enterprises may still default on their debts.

  Three arrows

  In 2018, in order to support private enterprises to broaden financing channels, the People’s Bank of China, together with relevant departments, launched a "three arrows" policy combination from three main financing channels: credit, bonds and equity. In the second half of 2022, the financing environment of housing enterprises improved, especially in November, and the central government began to comprehensively strengthen the financing support for housing enterprises, and the "three arrows" made concerted efforts.

  On November 1, 2022, China Bond Credit Enhancement convened a meeting of 21 private housing enterprises to promote the second batch of credit enhancement projects of more than 10 housing enterprises of about 20 billion yuan. This symposium is also the third time that the Dealers Association has held a symposium on private housing enterprises since August last year.

  On November 21st of that year, the People’s Bank of China and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission jointly held a national symposium on credit work of commercial banks to study and deploy financial support to stabilize the economy. At the symposium, Pan Gongsheng, member of the Party Committee and vice president of the People’s Bank of China, introduced that on the basis of the special loan for "guaranteed delivery building" launched in the early stage, the People’s Bank of China will launch a loan support plan of 200 billion yuan for six commercial banks to provide commercial banks with zero-cost funds to encourage them to support the work of "guaranteed delivery building". The first arrow "credit" financing force.

  On November 8, 2022, official website, a dealer association, announced that, with the support and guidance of the People’s Bank of China, the dealer association continued to promote and expand the "second arrow" to support private enterprises, including real estate enterprises, in order to implement a package of policies and measures to stabilize the economy, adhere to the "two unwavering" and support the healthy development of private enterprises. The relevant policies and measures issued by the Dealers Association are the "second arrow" — — Continuation and expansion of bond financing support tools for private enterprises.

  On November 28th, 2022, CSRC decided to adjust and optimize five measures in equity financing, including resuming mergers and acquisitions and matching financing of listed companies involved in housing, resuming refinancing of listed real estate enterprises and listed companies involved in housing, adjusting and improving the overseas listing policy of real estate enterprises, further giving play to the role of real estate investment trusts (REITs) in revitalizing the existing assets of real estate enterprises, and actively playing the role of private equity investment funds. This is also considered by the industry to be the "third arrow". After the introduction of the "third arrow", many listed real estate enterprises and housing-related enterprises planned to refinance.

  According to incomplete statistics, it at least includes Country Garden, Agile, Beixin Road and Bridge, Fuxing, Shimao, the new lake treasure, Tiandiyuan, Lujiazui, Vanke, Huaxia Happiness, Jinke, China Merchants Shekou, Jiakai City, Waigaoqiao, Huafa, Guancheng Datong, Greenland Holdings, Dima, gree real estate, Chinese Enterprises, Xincheng Development, Tibet City Investment, and Dexin China.

  Buying a house by one person and helping the whole family.

  In 2022, more and more cities introduced a new provident fund policy, making it clear that immediate family members can withdraw the housing provident fund to help buyers pay the purchase price or repay the mortgage, and implement "one person buying a house to help the whole family".

  According to incomplete statistics of The Paper, by the end of 2022, At least including Shaoyang in Hunan, Chaozhou in Guangdong, Qinhuangdao in Hebei, Zhuhai in Guangdong, Ganzhou in Jiangxi, Cangzhou in Hebei, Chizhou in Anhui, Chuxiong in Yunnan, Tangshan in Hebei, Xianning in Hubei, Quanzhou in Fujian, Tianjin, Maanshan in Anhui, Shenzhen in Guangdong, Hainan, Xinyang in Henan, wuzhong in Ningxia, Huzhou in Zhejiang, Lianyungang in Jiangsu, Taizhou in Zhejiang, Dingxi in Gansu, Suining in Sichuan, Chuzhou in Anhui, Shanwei in Guangdong, Yinchuan in Ningxia and Sichuan. More than 30 local governments, such as Liaocheng in Shandong, Jingzhou in Hubei, Xingyang in Henan and Lai ‘an in Anhui, have issued new policies on provident fund loans. Many places mentioned in the policies that children can withdraw their parents’ provident fund when buying a house, and implement "one person buys a house to help the whole family".

  Formally, the policy adjustment of "one person buying a house to help the whole family" is carried out from the aspects of helping to repay the loan, helping to withdraw the provident fund to pay the down payment, and withdrawing the relatives’ provident fund to pay the house purchase price. The industry believes that through the help of immediate family members, the economic pressure of buyers can be shared, the purchasing power of residents can be restored from the demand side, and the mood of residents buying houses can be boosted.

  mainstay industry

  At the end of December 2022, the central government reiterated that "real estate is a pillar industry of the national economy" and affirmed the importance of real estate, which will help to restore confidence in the real estate market.

  On December 15th, 2022, Liu He, Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China delivered a written speech at the fifth round of China-EU dialogue between business leaders and former senior officials. Liu He pointed out that we have great confidence in the overall improvement of China’s economy next year. Real estate is the pillar industry of the national economy. In view of the current downside risks, we have introduced some policies and are considering new measures to improve the balance sheet of the industry and guide the market expectation and confidence to pick up. In the coming period, China’s urbanization is still in a rapid development stage, and there is enough demand space to provide support for the stable development of the real estate industry.

  On December 18, 2022, the relevant person in charge of the Central Finance Office made an in-depth interpretation of the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference and the current economic hot issues: the focus of the real estate policy next year (2023) is: First, we must fully recognize the importance of the real estate industry. Real estate is a pillar industry of national economy with long chain and wide coverage. There are still some restrictive policies that hinder the release of consumer demand in housing consumption and other fields, and these consumption potentials should be released.

  The industry believes that the stability of real estate is crucial to the stable recovery of macro-economy in 2023. Under the positioning of pillar industries, it is expected that the optimization and improvement of policies at both ends of real estate supply and demand will be more direct and rapid in the future, and the intensity is expected to be further increased.

Why is the weather foggy in Hunan recently?

(On the morning of January 10th, there was foggy weather in downtown Changsha. Correspondent photo)
Hunan Daily All-Media Reporter Xiao Xiufen Correspondent Lin Cheng
At 6 o’clock on January 10, the Provincial Meteorological Observatory continued to issue a yellow warning of heavy fog. This morning, heavy fog appeared in 13 cities and States in Hunan, and there were strong fog in some areas. The visibility was less than 200 meters.  
For two consecutive days, there have been different degrees of foggy weather in many places in our province. What is the reason behind the foggy weather? How long will this weather last? Hunan Daily reporter interviewed Tang Minghui, chief forecaster of the Provincial Meteorological Observatory.
"At present, the fog in Hunan is mainly radiation fog." Tang Minghui introduced that fog refers to a visible aggregate of a large number of tiny water droplets (or ice crystals) suspended in the atmosphere close to the ground. There are mainly two kinds of radiation fog and advection fog, and radiation fog mostly appears in the clear autumn and winter night or early morning when the wind is weak, and the fog will dissipate 1 to 3 hours after sunrise or after the wind is strengthened.
Why is foggy weather frequent recently? Tang Minghui explained that due to the frequent change of sunny and rainy days in our province recently, especially after it turns sunny, the temperature near the ground drops, and the water vapor content in the air exceeds the saturated water vapor, the excess water vapor will condense out and form small water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air, which reduces visibility and forms fog. He predicted that fog would still appear in parts of western Hunan and northern Hunan on the morning of the 12th and 13th.
Meteorologists reminded that it is now in the season of frequent fog, and it mostly happens in the evening or the next morning when the rain stops and clears after cold air. Everyone should pay attention to the weather forecast in advance and plan their trip reasonably.
Reporting/feedback

9 am! The reason for the suspension of qi zhou’s transfer was announced, Yao Ming straightened his attitude, and sui ran’s abacus failed

Qi zhou’s transfer was stopped, and the real reason was revealed. chinese basketball association’s attitude was correct, and sui ran’s lion opened his mouth, and the abacus failed. Qi zhou, the core player of our men’s basketball team, has been hit by a wall in his personal transfer in the near future. The real reason is revealed. It can be said that this time with the release of the overall situation, it also proves that chinese basketball association has made a clear attitude, which has also made the whole incident in qi zhou clear. At the same time, sui ran’s wishful thinking has been completely frustrated. If qi zhou does not make any compromises and concessions in the future, it may be very difficult.

First of all, we all know that after the men’s basketball team in qi zhou and Xinjiang broke up, he didn’t play in CBA for several seasons, but at present, qi zhou didn’t play in Australia, so his future is still uncertain in the new season. chinese basketball association is also trying to promote qi zhou to have a ball to play, so in this offseason, the whole Basketball Association has also communicated with Xinjiang team many times, and the Basketball Association also hopes to solve qi zhou’s problem. However, after each team offered an olive branch to qi zhou, the two sides did not finalize the final personnel, nor did they finalize the relevant signings when each team was able to negotiate with the Xinjiang team.

Therefore, in the near future, we have also seen that the transfer situation of qi zhou is not very optimistic. Moreover, the two teams that want to sign for qi zhou are both CBA giants. For example, the Shanghai Men’s Basketball Team is indeed very experienced, and Beijing Shougang is also an old-fashioned powerhouse. It can be said that they are all very interested in qi zhou, and they also hope to implement real actors to make the team take a step forward in the new season. Why has the transfer of qi zhou been delayed? Is there any other reason for this?

In fact, the recent news from the relevant media has revealed the real answer to everyone, and also let us see the transfer of qi zhou. Perhaps the reason is not the Xinjiang Men’s Basketball Team or the signing of his club, but the economic, team and company level of sui ran and qi zhou. This time, we saw that the details about the Shanghai men’s basketball team’s previous signing of qi zhou were also exposed. The Shanghai men’s basketball team was asked by the Xinjiang team to send Yuan Tangwen to replace qi zhou, and at the same time, it was able to pay the Xinjiang team a transfer fee of 35 million yuan. Such a situation could have been formed. After all, the Shanghai men’s basketball team belongs to the salary team of the giants.

The biggest reason is that after the Shanghai Men’s Basketball Team paid the Xinjiang team 35 million yuan, it also paid qi zhou 35 million yuan. Such a situation runs counter to the relevant regulations of the Basketball Association, so the overall situation was not recognized by the Basketball Association and did not take shape. Since then, Beijing Shougang has also encountered the same problem in signing qi zhou. If Beijing Shougang wants to sign qi zhou, I have to pay qi zhou 40 million yuan for such a fee, so the overall situation is still not recognized by the Basketball Association, and it is finally ruined. After such a situation is exposed, it actually proves that qi zhou’s transfer problem does not lie in the Xinjiang Men’s Basketball Team, nor does it lie in signing his team.

It lies in an economic team like qi zhou himself and sui ran. It can be said that there are indeed some big openings in sui ran’s economic team. Under the circumstances that the overall salary of CBA has dropped and the Basketball Association has made clear provisions, sui ran also made such a request, which is indeed unreasonable, which has become a real reason for qi zhou’s continuous transfer. If CBA can’t become the foothold of qi zhou this season, whether he can keep his personal good condition in the future and whether he can land in CBA again is really a big question. In this case, there is really no winner, and it is also an outcome that everyone doesn’t want to see for China men’s basketball fans. Therefore, we also hope that under this circumstance, the sui ran team can better consider qi zhou’s future and let qi zhou return to the competition stage as soon as possible, so that the fans can see his performance.

Times: Manchester City is willing to offer a longer contract, and Gundogan will refuse Barcelona and renew his contract.

Live on May 21st According to The Times, Gundogan will refuse Barcelona and choose to renew his contract and stay in Manchester City.

Gundogan’s contract with Manchester City will expire this summer, and it has not yet been renewed. After media rumors, Barcelona intends to exempt the German midfielder from visa, and players are also interested in joining.

According to The Times, Barcelona offered a 2+1 contract for 32-year-old Gundogan, and several rounds of negotiations have been held.

At first, Manchester City only offered Gundogan a one-year contract, but now they are willing to offer a longer-term contract, so Gundogan now prefers to stay in Manchester City.

(goblin killer)

The current situation of the three major wingers of Inter Milan is worrying. Is it feasible to return to the Nerazzurri?

Not all the players who left can always perform as well as they did at Inter, and not all the players who left can be as happy as they were at Inter. Today, three players are not as smooth as they were at Inter, and some don’t even know where they will play next season. Such an encounter can’t help but make Nella feel emotional.

First of all, let’s talk about Perisic. Last season, the performance of "Sabre" in Inter Milan was like a god’s help. He almost propped up the entire left of the Nerazzurri on his own, and he is also one of the core members of coach Inzaghi’s tactics, which is very important in Inter Milan. However, due to the expiration of his contract, the 34-year-old wanted to win a high-paying contract in the second year of his career. However, due to the financial pressure, the senior management of Inter Milan could not bear it. Finally, under the call of the old coach Kong Di, he chose to leave Italy and join Tottenham in the Premier League.

However, at Tottenham, Perisic can’t enjoy the tactical position when he was at Inter Milan. Even with Kong Di’s support, he has to abide by the dressing room order. In Tottenham, only Harry Kane and Sun Xingyu will always be the star players. On the court, Sun Xingyu has always been the exclusive "channel" on the left. In this position, he can exert his greatest energy. Last season, he even got the Premier League Golden Boot.

However, the appearance of sabre has squeezed Sun Xingyi’s living space on the court. Not only can they not play the effect of 1+1>2, but they even have a situation of mutual restraint. A large part of the reason for Sun Xingyi’s poor performance this season is that they have never been able to form a tacit cooperation.

Because of his unsatisfactory performance, Perisic has never been recognized by Tottenham fans, and even often becomes the target of fans’ attacks. For Sabre, who is used to enjoying cheers and applause at Inter Milan, only he can understand the taste.

With the exit from the Champions League, Kong Di, the coach of Tottenham Hotspur, is also facing a crisis of leaving school. There are rumors that he is likely to leave Tottenham Hotspur at the end of the season. Once Kong Di leaves the team, Perisic’s life at Tottenham will be even more difficult. Of course, he may also be purged by Tottenham, so his whereabouts next season will be in doubt. In such an embarrassing situation, it is no wonder that he will show his thoughts about Inter Milan from time to time on social media. It is said that he once told his former teammates that he regretted leaving. Recently, there are rumors that he wants to return to Inter Milan next season. I wonder if Inter Milan will accept him again.

Also showing regret to leave the team is Ashraf, who is currently playing for Greater Paris. Although Ashraf has an excellent performance in Paris, he seems to be unhappy, which is largely due to the tension in the dressing room in Paris. As we all know, the relationship between Neymar and Mbappé is not harmonious, which also affects everyone in the team. Ashraf is even regarded as Mbappé’s minion by the outside world, which will make him feel unhappy. After he eliminated Spain in the FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022, he even shouted the slogan "Forza Inter" in a live webcast, which won a lot of attention from Nella and reflected his dissatisfaction with Paris.

In addition to the complicated dressing room, the Moroccan even got into a lawsuit of "sexual assault" recently, which caused him to fall into a huge scandal and trouble. Although he thought he was set up, he still had to bear the criticism from the fans before the judicial conclusion was reached. Once the court makes a ruling against him, I don’t know how he will respond at that time, and I don’t know if he will regret leaving Inter more.

In addition to these two men, Nella are still paying attention to another veteran, that is, Cancelo, who is currently playing for Bayern. Although Machete has only played for one season at Inter Milan, he has left a deep impression on the fans of Inter Milan, and it is at Inter Milan that he made a name for himself and grew into an excellent right-back.

After the winter window this season, Cancelo was loaned to Bayern Munich by Manchester City. After a short honeymoon, his situation in Bayern became more delicate. He has missed starting for six consecutive games and played less and less, which made him feel lost. Originally, Bayern had a buyout clause of 70 million euros in his lease contract, but in this situation, it is absolutely impossible for Bayern, who has always been shrewd, to exercise this clause. In this way, Cancelo will be returned to Manchester City. But in the Blue Moon, I am afraid there is no place for him. Maybe after returning to Manchester City, Guardiola will choose to put him on the market for sale.

So is it really possible for any of these three people to return to Inter Milan? Personally, I think it is possible, but it is more difficult.

First of all, in terms of social status, apart from Pericic, who is worth around 15 million to 20 million euros due to age, Ashraf and Cancelo are both worth more than 50 million euros. Such a high price is definitely not affordable for financially strapped Inter Milan. Once again, the annual salary, Perisic’s annual salary in Tottenham is as high as 6 million euros after tax, and Ashraf is as high as 8 million euros after tax in Paris, but Cancelo’s annual salary is only 2.5 million euros after tax, which is the lowest among the three. For Inter Milan, except Cancelo’s annual salary, the salaries of the other two have exceeded the salary ceiling.

In addition to economic reasons, from a competitive point of view, on the left side dominated by Pericic, now Inter Milan have Gohsens and Dimarco. After leaving the team with his sword, Dimarco has made great progress, and Gohsens is gradually recovering his state in Atalanta, so I am afraid there is no shortage of people in this position. Moreover, Pericic is 34 years old after all, and his one-year mentality of Tottenham will be affected to some extent, so the state geometry is also something that Inter Milan needs to consider. From this point of view, even if Perisic really wants to return, I’m afraid the Nerazzurri will have to think about it.

On the right, Inter Milan intends to release the main right-back dumfries this summer, and Bellanova may also be returned, thus creating a vacuum on the right, and Inter Milan is bound to find a suitable target in the transfer market. Although both Ashraf and Cancelo play on the right, it is almost impossible for Inter Milan to have enough funds to sign them because of their worth and high annual salary, but if their owners can accept the loan, there will be huge room for operation!

So will Paris and Manchester City agree to loan? Personally, as far as Paris is concerned, it is almost impossible. With Ashraf’s current ability and state, unless the "sexual assault" lawsuit reaches the point where he can’t stay in France, it is difficult for Greater Paris to give him up. Once the lawsuit really reaches the point of forcing Moroccans to leave the team, they will also choose to sell in exchange for funds, and it is almost impossible to let him leave the team by loan. Of course, if the official extreme to the point where he was jailed, then Paris is estimated to be directly terminated rather than sold.

Cancelo is the most operable, first of all, the attitude of Manchester City. Although I don’t know why Blue Moon loaned him out, it at least shows that Manchester City is open to his departure, and even the loan is acceptable. Secondly, the annual salary. Although Cancelo has outstanding ability, his annual salary is not high, and it is within the range that Inter Milan can afford (if the information I have found is correct), then Inter Milan is totally worth a try.

Of course, it depends on the player’s wishes. Of these three people, Cancelo’s feelings for Inter Milan may be the most difficult to judge, and besides feelings, there are many teams he can choose, even including Real Madrid and Barcelona. For professional players, feelings are one aspect, and career prospects are the most realistic one. Therefore, even if Inter do reach an agreement with Manchester City, it will take some effort to convince Cancelo.

Of course, the above words are only personal, just for the pleasure of Neila, so don’t take them seriously.